How South Dakota vs. Wayfair is Impacting Sales Tax Laws
On June 21, 2018, the US Supreme Court ruled on South Dakota vs Wayfair and overturned “Quill”; no longer will physical presence be needed in a state for sales tax collection. The Supreme Court has given the states the power to require businesses to collect their sales tax, just by having a certain amount of sales in a state. Physical presence still creates nexus but is no longer needed.
A company will need to determine if they exceed the economic nexus thresholds that the Supreme Court ruled were acceptable. The ruling in South Dakota is:
If a remote/out of state seller has either $100,000 of sales or 200 transactions in the previous year or the current year they will be required to register, collect and remit South Dakota’s sales tax.
With this decision, there are currently about 30 other states that have similar laws requiring remote, out-of-state retailers to collect sales tax, that are either effective now or within a few months. We expect most other states to pass similar thresholds as soon as they can.
For example, Minnesota has an October 1st effective date; one it shares with Illinois, Indiana, North Dakota, and Wisconsin (among others). Here is a visual of the states and effective dates:
Steps Redpath Can Help You Take
- Analyze sales and transactions by state with threshold tests;
- Software system assessment—companies will need a system to handle up to 10,000 state & local jurisdictions;
- Determination of the taxability of products, services, or customers;
- Identifying needed procedures to have in-place; from invoicing to exemption certificate management and beyond; and
- The registration and filing of returns.
We would love to go through everything you need to know for your specific situation including details about effective dates, thresholds, determination time periods, and instances of pending litigation for all of the different states that apply to you.