Better Guidance for Variable Interest Entities
On October 31, 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued an update to the Consolidation guidance pertaining to Variable Interest Entities (VIE’s) for private companies. This is good news for these companies and users of these statements as they may see reduced financial reporting expenses and be able to create GAAP-compliant financial statements that are more useful for their users.
Who does this apply to?
The amendment in this Update (ASU 2018-17) affects reporting entities that are required to determine whether they should consolidate a legal entity under the guidance within the VIE Subsections of Subtopic 810-10 (consolidations), including private companies that have elected the accounting alternative for leasing arrangements under common control. The Update does not apply to public business entities and not-for-profit entities, as defined.
Private Companies may elect not to apply VIE guidance to legal entities under common control (including common control leasing arrangements) if both the parent and the legal entity being evaluated for consolidation are not public business entities.
How does this apply to my private company?
A private company can elect this accounting alternative to all current and future legal entities under common control that meet the criteria for applying this alternative. This alternative cannot be applied to select common control arrangements—in other words, the private company cannot pick which relationships to apply this alternative to—it’s all or nothing.
How does this differ from current GAAP?
In 2014, the FASB issued an accounting alternative for common control leasing arrangements to not apply the VIE guidance; this alternative expands that alternative to include all private company common control arrangements.
This accounting alternative should reduce diversity in applying VIE guidance to private companies under common control because it is expected that many private companies will elect the alternative. This accounting alternative is also expected to improve the relevance of the financial reporting information to users by providing users of private company financial statements with additional disclosures structured in a more consistent manner.
What is required to be disclosed if this Update is adopted?
A common control arrangement that meets the requirements of this amendment shall disclose the following:
- The nature of and risks associated with a reporting entity’s involvement with the legal entity under common control.
- How a reporting entity’s involvement with the legal entity under common control affects the reporting entity’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows.
- The carrying amounts and classification of the assets and liabilities in the reporting entity’s balance sheet resulting from its involvement with the legal entity under common control.
- The reporting entity’s maximum exposure to loss resulting from its involvement with the legal entity under common control.
- If the maximum exposure to loss disclosed in (d) exceeds the carrying amount of the assets and liabilities as described in (c), qualitative and quantitative information to allow users of financial statements to understand the excess exposure.
When will the amendments be effective?
For private companies, the amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. If adopted, entities are required to apply the amendments in this Update retrospectively with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings at the beginning of the earliest period presented. Early adoption is permitted, and you may want to take advantage of that.
Your financial statements will be better for your users, and it will remove some of the work you have been required to do up until this Update. If you have any questions about this Update, or have any assurance and accounting concerns, you can reach out to Jill Noack at firstname.lastname@example.org or (651) 407-5867.